Mymcbooks Celebrates Black History Month 2013
During the month of February, we at Mymcbooks will be a part of the celebration of Black History Month 2013. So there will be a few posts on Black History and a Free Giveaway on African America Books.
Black History Month 2013 Theme - “At the Crossroads of Freedom and Equality: The Emancipation Proclamation and the March on Washington”
Dr. Carter G. Woodson realized the importance of providing a theme that would focus the attention of the public when he established Negro History week in 1926. The ASALH dedicates the 2013 Annual Black History Theme to celebrating the anniversary of two important African American turning points – the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation and the 1963 March on Washington. The Emancipation Proclamation, decreed by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1st, 1863, declared slaves in all confederate states then at war with the Union “forever free” and made them eligible for paid military service in the Union Army. Although it did not end slavery in the nation, it did transform the character of the war. After the proclamation was made, every advance of Federal troops expanded the domain of freedom and black men were allowed to serve in the Union Army and Navy. By the end of the war almost 200,000 black soldiers and sailors had fought for freedom. http://libguides.davenport.edu/content.php?pid=303298&sid=2495766
1863 Emancipation Proclamation
Chappel, Alonzo (Artist). Not dated. Lincoln Reading the Emancipation Proclamation to his Cabinet [Painting]. Boston; Museum of Fine Arts.
1963 March on Washington
Leffler, Warren (Artist). 1963. Civil Rights March on Washington [Photograph]. Washington D.C.; Library of Congress.
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom took place on August 28th, 1963 in Washington D.C. More than 200,000 demonstrators took part in the walk. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his ‘‘I Have a Dream’’ speech from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, noting that the Emancipation Proclamation gave hope to black slaves. The following year Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as a concrete step towards fulfilling the promise of the Emancipation Proclamation.
When the American Civil War (1861-65) began, President Abraham Lincoln carefully framed the conflict as concerning the preservation of the Union rather than the abolition of slavery. Although he personally found the practice of slavery abhorrent, he knew that neither Northerners nor the residents of the border slave states would support abolition as a war aim. But by mid-1862, as thousands of slaves fled to join the invading Northern armies, Lincoln was convinced that abolition had become a sound military strategy, as well as the morally correct path. On September 22, soon after the Union victory at Antietam, he issued a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, declaring that as of January 1, 1863, all slaves in the rebellious states “shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” While the Emancipation Proclamation did not free a single slave, it was an important turning point in the war, transforming the fight to preserve the nation into a battle for human freedom. http://www.history.com/topics/emancipation-proclamation
Celebrating the Black History Month at School
The schools and educational institutions are the best place to observe the celebration of black history month. The children can be made aware of the real cause behind such a month long observation. Lesson plans should be included in the month which educates the children about the racism, slavery and the fight against these practices. Crafts, coloring and pencil sketching based on the different themes related to black history can help to make the children aware of the black history. Classes, seminars and photo displays are conducted during the month to give a better picture of the sufferings and humiliation faced by the people in the last century just because they had a darker skin, and it also highlights the practice of racist inequality practiced then and even today to a little extend. Educating the future generation about the wrong doings in the last century and creating a feeling of compassion, love and respect towards every person can see to it that the history will never be repeated again. Talking to the children about the important black people who have touched the lives of mankind and the achievements can help to shoo off the inferiority complex most of the African American children faces and create a positive attitude and confidence in these little hearts.
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